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Have you ever thought about the power of a single seed?  

When you eat seeds, sure, it takes a good handful to gain nutrients from them.  But what about when you plant one?  A single seed grows into so much more come harvest time.  The journey from seed to mature crop is unique and important to understand for farmers – both professional and hobby – as well as end product customers.

No matter which end of the spectrum you fall under, learning about the growth stages from germination to harvest can be quite intriguing!


This is where it all begins.  The seed comes to life with water, oxygen, a favourable temperature, and time.  Whether you are germinating seeds directly in the Earth or in little pots indoors, this initial step is what gets everything started.  

You’ll want to take this first step in early Spring, and take proper measures to deal with your particular climate zone.  The germination stage lasts between 2-10 days, so be patient as you wait for something green to sprout.


Perhaps one of the most exciting stages, the point when the little seeds pops out from the Earth and begins to develop a stem and small leaves.  This is when the seed is becoming established, and starting to take roots.  

Keep in mind, all stages of plant growth require patience – especially these first two.  A lot is happening underground, so it’s normal not to see a lot happening with your seedling.  This is when you want your plant to grow down, establishing strong roots.  

If you have your plants in small pots at this time, find the ideal place in your garden, and get them in nutrient rich soil by adding compost when preparing the soil.  Consider putting a protective guard like chicken wire around them, as they are particularly fragile in the beginning phases.


Spring is quickly turning to Summer, and your plants are starting to grow up.  When a seed grows out of the seedling phase, vegetation starts to show.  Leaves become bigger and broader, the stem gets thicker and stronger.  Roots are well established, so avoid moving these plants around in your garden. 

Depending on the health of your soil, you may consider adding a nitrogen boost during this stage of the growth process.  Here are some great tips on how to apply organic fertilizer to your garden.

You might also consider adding some potassium to your soil at this point – check out this helpful article to learn more.

Checking In

If you have a garden in your backyard, now’s a great time to check in.  Take a look at the overall health of the plants.  Are the dead leaves weighing it down?  Do you have little holes in the foliage?  How’s the pH of your soil?

Assessing your garden today will give you the chance to make any improvements to the conditions in order to ensure a better harvest in the months to come.

Stay tuned for Part 2 of this blog post where we will cover the next stages in plant growth.  If you have any tips that you’d like to share with others, join the conversation on our Facebook Page – HempE Health & Beauty

About the Author ~ Leah Feor
Leah is a strategic advisor and content creator for Simply Sustainable™. Balancing a triple bottom line for organizations and individuals is her utmost goal. She’s a big picture thinker with an eye for detail. Her passion for the environment and social impact bring her business background to life. Outdoor adventures, healthy living, and continuous learning are just a few of her favourite things. simplysustainableblog.com